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Monday, December 4, 2023

A Visitors’ Guide to Australian Landscapes

Australia is a continent that comprises different types of environmental conditions with a collection of various landscape features worldwide. From the Blue Mountains to the world’s most extensive coastal landscape, outback-dominated deserts to the Daintree tropical rainforest of the west, and enchanted lakes and rivers.

Trip to the most ancient landscapes of the Australian continent. An interesting thing about this region is its spectacular Australian Alps mountain ranges.

Visit vast grasslands, cliffs, and a range of mountains, and experience the beauty of the Last of Lands or the Last Frontier, called the Oldest Continent. This is the home of unique flora and fauna to their suitable Australian landscape.

1. The Desert Landscapes of Australia

1.1. The Great Victoria Desert 

This is the largest desert in southern Australia (an arid wasteland). It mainly consists of expanding beautiful sand hills, with subtle Triodia grass and saltish salt marshes.

Stretched from Western Australia to Southern Australia, most of the east domains are under the Australian landscape’s central and northwest Aboriginal reserves. It is closely compact with stones on the surface called desert pavement and tacked with salt lakes.

1.2. Ayers Rock

Ayers Rock, also known as Uluru, is a rock formation of magnificent sandstone domes with a mind-boggling height of around 340 meters and a perimeter of 9.8 km. It enchants you by changing shades, colliding with mountain ranges, and telling you about aboriginal art and culture.

It is one of the prime destinations for visitors. The majestic art is depicted throughout the region. There are two exhibition galleries and a well-structured directional sign board so that you can examine it independently.

It holds spiritual significance in central Australia, is approximately 260,000 square kilometres, and is 10,000 years old. Arrernte was the original inhabitant. This place was also known as Mparntwe.

Travellers mainly visit this place due to spiritual factors and a myth that gives you goosebumps. Dreaming is a concept that means ‘everywhere’ and is practised by Arrernte people.

1.3. The Gibson Desert

Australia landscape
Image Source: Depositphotos

The main attribute of the Gibson desert is that it is the home of the world’s most diverse wildlife and reptiles.

It lies between the deserts, north of the Great Sandy Desert and south of the Great Victoria Desert, the Northern Territory border in the east and the Lake disappointment in the west.

The Australian landscape includes sand dunes, rocks, dry regions, and Triodia desert grass.

The striped woma snake, the thorny devil, the great desert skink, the blue-tongued skink, etc., are a few famous reptiles, along with some big animals like the red kangaroo, the ostrich-like Emu, and the long-eared bilby.

1.4. The Great Sandy Desert 

This desert is located between Australia’s northwest and centre. It is the second largest desert with extraordinary elements, including a beach landscape over 7-9 miles, up to the great Indian Ocean south of the Tropic of Capricorn.

2. Australia’s Mountain Landscapes

2.1. The Great Dividing Range

The mountain range is 2300 miles parallel to the shore of Victoria, New South Wales, and Queensland, with a magnificent altitude of 2000-3000 feet up to 5000 feet. It is situated between the dignified mountain ranges of the Australian landscape.

It is also known as the Great Divided, Eastern Highlands, or Eastern Cordillera of Australia. Some of the beautiful principal rivers flow over this mountain range, upholding extraordinary scenarios of beautiful sunrises while clearing the fog.

The Australian landscape comprises vivid flat land suitable for agriculture, exciting, rough terrain, protected gorgeous nature reserves, tallest peaks, valleys, and admiring staring open areas. Bland areas like Darling Downs and Atherton Tableland are the best examples of faltering.

2.2. Alps of Australia

The most distinct feature is the average snowfall and winter temperature fall (more than Switzerland). The sensational view of the mountain ranges takes your breath away, especially during hiking at night. The prideful dominated peaks could vary from 5000 to 7310 feet in altitude.

There is the beautiful national heritage of Australian landscape, 11 national parks, and reserves situated in the Australian Alps.

2.3. The Blue Mountains

Australia landscape
Image Source: Depositphotos

The Blue Mountains appear blue when you stand from a particular point of view. You can view them from the vast area of dim Eucalyptus trees, which eject a violet vapour that creates a thick layer of ambience. It collides with sparkling sunrays, leaving an emerging blueish effect.

The Blue Mountains include extended escarpments, plateaus, and many other things to personify a vibrant beauty nearly spanned over 3900 sq miles. Beautiful highlands and mountain ranges are its unique identity in several well-known towns like Katoomba and Blackheath.

3. Australia’s Forest Landscapes

Some of the most ancient rainforests can be found in the Australian landscapes preserved by UNESCO. The tropical rainforest spans the Australian continent’s north, south, east, and western coasts and includes rich natural diversity. Below mentioned are some of them:

3.1. The Daintree Rainforest

Daintree Rainforest is one of the oldest rainforests, located between Cairns and Cooktown in the north of Queensland area. It spans over 1200 sq kilometres of tall trees and ravishing waterfalls and is home to enchantingly 65% of Australia’s bats and butterfly species. White sandy beaches with reefs are rare Australian landscape varieties of this rainforest.

Australia Landscape
Image by Monika Häfliger from Pixabay/ Copyright 2019

3.2. The Gondwana Rainforest

This is a living 180 million years old, a subtropical assortment of 50+ parks and reserves of rainforest on the Earth. A trip to this country part will enchant you with its extraordinary landscape structure.

It is situated on the east side of Australia’s Great Escarpment. Brilliant volcanic craters cover the Whole rainforest.

4. Rivers and Lakes of Australia

4.1. Murray River 

Murray River is Australia’s 1,570-mile (approx. 2,600 km), the primary and longest river that flows across various beautiful Australian landscapes from the Murray-Darling basin. The crystal-clear river makes its way through snowy mountains, plains, and wetlands up to the offshore of the continent.

It discharges an average of approx—25 to 31 cubic feet of water per second. The river dries in three seasons and rises comparatively in southeastern Mount Kosciuszko, New South Wales. At night, like thunder, the river flows with pridefulness as a lifeline on Australian landscapes.

4.2. Daintree River 

Australia landscape
Image Source: Depositphotos

This river flows across the Daintree rainforest; on one side are great green plains, and on the other is covered by beautiful rainforest.

This ancient forest is home to several prehistoric animals, and the main attraction is the sweet water alligator, with more than 145 fishes and 30 mangrove species. Destinations like this are the places to be one with the tropical lifestyle.

High mountains and deep river valleys prone to sudden high floods cover the river. The fine-looking sea coral, natural vegetation, and age-old native wilderness take you back to the prehistoric era. It is situated in the middle of Port Douglas & Cape Tribunal.

4.3. The Lake Hillier 

The Pink Lake Hillier, encircled by a small canopy forest, gives it a distinctive look. It is situated near the far shore of the Middle Island to the south, the western coast of the Australian landscape. Of course, this is not the only lake in the world; several others exist.

Why is the Colour of Lake Hillier Pink?

Visitors always seem worried about the colour and surprised to hear that it is safe for swimming. But why?

A species of microalgae called Dunaliella Salina is responsible for the occurrence of this shining pink colour in this lake.

An incredible pink spot in the centre of a dazzling blue ocean covered by a warm white sand beach, a sight of admiring its beauty.

4.4. Dormant Volcano Crater Blue Lake 

The Crater Lake is located in the enormous mouth of volcano Maar near Mount Gambier. The most recent eruption records were established 6000 years ago. With an unimaginable depth of about 47 m, dangerous yet exciting gives you shivering in the spine.

Why Did This Lake Change Colour?

It runs from sharp blue (December to March) to dull grey (April to October) due to the alleged decomposition of calcium carbonate, responsible for shattering the blue wavelength into the water.

It gets more popped up due to a mixture of ochre and rust tints from walls of rock—a mystical colour-changing lake in the landscape of South Australia.

5. Australia’s Coastal Landscapes

5.1. The Great Barrier Reef 

Australia landscape
Image Source: Depositphotos

The Great Barrier Reef is home to 30 marine mammals (including whales, dolphins, porpoises, six sea turtles), 215 birds, and around 1625 fish species. The mind-blowing fact is that the shore is the largest structure, made up naturally of living organisms.

This coast is beautifully incorporated by coral reefs, shoals, and islets on the northeastern coast of Australia’s landscape. The astonishing views of beautifully crafted coral structures will amaze you. A trip to this coral island is something you will never forget.

5.2. The Great Ocean Road

This is the largest War memorial in the world. This national heritage makes it historical and stunning with 150 miles (240 km), a prideful sensational road dedicated to returning soldiers from 1919 and 1932 World War I.

This magnificent road moves along the coast of the Southern Ocean and embraces the beautiful sunset cliffs of the seaside of the Australian continent.

It stretched along the southeastern shore between the Victorian cities of Torquay and Allansford.

5.3. The Twelve Apostles 

Australia landscape
Image Source: Depositphotos

Twelve Apostles are the results of the formation of soft limestone stacks. It is located on the country’s south coast near Melbourne, the second distinguishing green continent symbol after Sydney’s Opera House in the Australian landscape. The Twelve Apostles are a collection of dignified twelve stacks in the coastal region.

Some astonishing features in this area include bright cliffs, gorgeous arches, harbours, grottos, and bays. Archway Island will be the best example of the magnificence of arches in the national park in Australia. These landscapes hold a surplus portion of fauna in the rainforest, which is left to explore an appreciating moment to admire wildlife beauty.

5.4. Tasmania, the Mountainous Island 

This island is situated in the southern part of the Australian continent near the south of Victoria, about 150 miles (240 km). It constitutes the southern wing of the Great Dividing Range and is also the smallest state in the country.

Australia landscape
Image Source: Depositphotos

Tasmania Island is called a mountainous island because of its most spectacular features, including mountain ranges, a beautiful lake, and the best part of its heartwarming coastal views. Also, this unique separated Australian landscape has its reserves and national park to boost your curiosity.

The most significant and unique element of this destination is the refreshing geographical features. The areas are glaciated and have stunning views of the Central Plateau of Lake Studded. The drowned southeast seaside is the best part due to the postglacial dip of the Australian landscape.

Exploring Australian Landscapes is All Fun

Take a break at the cliff or continue your journey to the unknown Australian landscape, driving through the magnificent views of the arc road.

Explore the ancient world of rainforests, visit the most enchanted lakes, even in a crater, or camp under the starry sky among the dignified mountain ranges. It is totally up to you.

Australia promises a diverse range of landscapes and memorable experiences for its visitors.

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